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Tip 2: Who or Whom

How do you know when to use who or whom?

‘Who’ replaces the subject of a clause or sentence.
‘Whom’ replaces the object in a sentence.

How do I decide?

Replace ‘who’ with he, she, or they.
Replace ‘whom’ with him, her, or them.


Can you tell me (who, whom) turned in their outlines?
Answer: They turned in their outlines. The answer is ‘who.’

Do you know for (who, whom) these flowers were sent?
Answer: The flowers were sent for them. The answer is ‘whom.’

For (Who or Whom) are you voting?
Answer: You are voting for them. The answer, then, is ‘whom.’